Fragment Physical Object
Alternate object namesFragment from a figure of the Madonna & Child
Creation Datecirca 1600
DescriptionCast bronze. One of three aura fragments which were applied to the back of Madonna figurine. See also 1986.008.0035a, b, d.
1.6 x 0.7 x 0.1 cm. 0.41 grams
Exhibition LabelCase Caption:
Spain’s empire was won by conquest and the Spanish believed that their laws, leaders, and the Roman Catholic religion were superior to Indigenous customs, rulers, and spiritual practices.
Priests came to provide emigrants with spiritual support but also to convert Indigenous people. They hastened conversions by asserting that Jesus and the Virgin Mary were bigger, better manifestations of local gods. The Virgin Mary was quickly identified with Pachamama, the goddess of the earth. In 1532, the church that became Lima Cathedral was built on top of a major shrine to Inti, the Inca sun god and the palace of an Inca prince. The Spanish used this suppressive strategy successfully throughout their colonies.
Statuette of the Virgin Mary
Gift of Jamestown Inc.